What is Regenerative Farming?

At Glenlands Farm we see regenerative farming as using animals to improve soils.  Regenerative Agriculture is a system of farming principles and practices that increases biodiversity, enriches soils, improves watersheds, and enhances ecosystem services, by capturing carbon in soil and above ground biomass.

Grazing Management

  • Allows full recovery of pastures (grazing at the top of the pasture growth curve)
  • During fast growth periods we light graze pastures with faster rotations building covers (take some area out of grazing giving a reserve when growth slows)
  • Keep soils covered especially during summer and when wet
  • Change it up – don’t do the same thing in the same paddock at the same time of year e.g. calving paddock and weaning paddock
  • Make grazing decisions on species you want – don’t leave animals in the paddock to clean up undesirables
  • Encourage diversity of grasses, legumes, forbs and even weeds – yes even weeds are diversity
  • Animals are a tool you can use to improve pastures as well as destroy them

Trampled grass covering the soil

  • Creates an ideal environment for seed germination and seed survival
  • Keeps soil cooler over hot summer months and improves growth
  • Keeps soil microbes more active
  • Traps CO2 close to the ground where grass seedlings are germinating
  • The carbon layer helps hold onto nutrients especially nitrogen
  • Improves rainfall infiltration

Example of 60 Plus Days Recovery – One Week Out From Grazing

  • Grasses have mature seed heads
  • Grasses / species have had time to put roots deeper down into soils
  • Plenty of flowering plants providing pollinators and other insects with nectar source
  • Mature grass ensures soils are covered post grazing
  • Grasses and herbs have time to pump surplus sugar from photosynthesis into soil
  • Improves ran infiltration
  • Drought reserve can slow round by increase utilisation from 30-40% to 60-75% of pasture

Observations and Tools – Paramount to Success

  • Spade essential to soil observations – colour, depth, smell, structure, worms
  • Brix Meter is used to track energy in pastures, are some species higher? Why?
  • Gut fill of animals – looking and observing animals – weigh young stock regularly – they may look full but are they putting on weight
  • Dung and urine PH
  • Animal behaviour – what are they eating and why
  • Pasture species
  • Pasture fertility across paddocks
  • Look at your pastures 3-4 days after grazing (recovery) not just 3-4 days before grazing.  Easier to make round adjustments

Using live stock as a tool
High density grazing 400,000 kg live weight per hectare

What’s going on

Cocktail Cropping

  • Feeding Livestock
  • Improving / Feeding Soils
  • Feed for Pollinators
  • Feed for Birds
  • Feed for People

Mid Winter Cocktail Mix

Cocktail Mix 29 Species Drilled November 29

Carbon and CO2

  • The carbon reserves in your soil are an asset for your farm.  This will help buffer effects from floods and droughts and store nutrients, reducing down stream issues
  • CO2 is essential for plant nutrient and is not a pollutant
  • Increasing CO2 levels have improved plant productivity 15%-20% since 1950’s
  • We need to celebrate the stable climate we have had over the last 100 years that has allowed civilisation to flourish

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More to explore

Glenlands Farm History

Glenlands Farm was purchased in 1970 (previously known as Dillon’s) by Sue and Gerald Martin.  Glenlands has always been a mixture of

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